A perpetrator commits a fraud called identity theft. The person committing the fraud pretends to be another person so that he is able to benefit personally and nothing else. The personal data or information is stolen by the fraudulent person and used to gain wealth and have his vested interests fulfilled. There is a lot of personal information like bank account statements, passports, investment reports, credit cards, debit cards, passbooks, social security number, PIN, passwords, user names etc. which can be stolen for fraudulent practices.
Different kinds of personal information is utilized for the sake of opening new accounts, for stealing money from the accounts or for taking big and small loans in the name of the victim involved. For certain kinds of criminal purposes too this information may be secured by the perpetrator. Only, when the result of this act turns out to be a serious one the victim comes to know about this. In such cases, the victim is held responsible and could land in serious trouble. Many of the crime rings including terrorists conduct organized cybercrime out of desperation and for various ulterior motives, which can cause harm to the society as a whole.
Nowadays identity theft has become a common hazard and hence it is best if necessary precautions are taken in the initial stage itself. Impersonation is another term used for identity theft and is considered as a crime of opportunity. The person committing the crime can be considered a desperate or frustrated individual who just waits for an opportunity to do a fraudulent act and jumps into it. The hardened criminals too, seek the right kind of opportunity and then perfectly execute it.
Dumpster driving as well as shoulder surfing is considered as methods of accessing personal information. Trash bins in the computer are accessed for gaining vital personal data. In case you are at the telephone booth or the ATM you will need to be careful about data or personal information sharing. Another fraudulent person could over hear your information and used it for an identity theft crime. Fake calls for verification purposes, fake emails, fake messages etc. are some of the methods utilized for crime purposes. Culprits gain information and use it to cause you losses due to which you could even land into serious trouble.
There are a number for programs, which effectively aim at prevention of identity theft. Even an ordinary identity card can provide the culprit your important information. Try to remember some of the important data lime SSN, PIN, passwords, etc. and avoid jotting them down in your diary. On the telephone or on the Internet avoid giving personal data as this can be accessed easily in an illegal manner by the perpetrator. False mails may offer prizes and can lure you into their trap. Avoid attending email scams. Confidentiality has to be strictly maintained so that the fraudulent person does not have access to your vital personal information. This is the best way to avoid getting into serious trouble later on.